Selective force and mature phase affect the stability of aerobic granule: An experimental study by applying different removal methods of sludge

Z. H. Li, Takahiro Kuba, T. Kusuda

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To evaluate the effect of sludge removal methods on the stability of aerobic granules, three different removal methods of sludge were investigated in sequencing batch reactors (SBR). Results demonstrated that (i) in R1, removing fresh granules effectively maintained granules with sizes of 1-2 mm and SVI of 31-45 ml g-1 for more than 432 cycles (one cycle length was 3 h); (ii) in R3, removing aged granules led to disintegration of granules; (iii) in R2, removing completely mixed sludge resulted in granules with good settleability. However, the morphology of granules in R2 was similar to that of granules in R3 with sizes of about 4-5 mm. It was also found that removing fresh granules built up more ash solids in granules than removing aged granules did and removing aged granules significantly led to lysed granules with void shells. Results suggest that removing fresh granules is an effective approach of selective force for aerobic granulation, and the mature phase plays an important role on the stability of granules by rearranging granule structure (e.g. the buildup of ash solids).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)976-981
Number of pages6
JournalEnzyme and Microbial Technology
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 4 2006

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Ashes
Sewage
Granulation
Disintegration
Batch reactors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

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abstract = "To evaluate the effect of sludge removal methods on the stability of aerobic granules, three different removal methods of sludge were investigated in sequencing batch reactors (SBR). Results demonstrated that (i) in R1, removing fresh granules effectively maintained granules with sizes of 1-2 mm and SVI of 31-45 ml g-1 for more than 432 cycles (one cycle length was 3 h); (ii) in R3, removing aged granules led to disintegration of granules; (iii) in R2, removing completely mixed sludge resulted in granules with good settleability. However, the morphology of granules in R2 was similar to that of granules in R3 with sizes of about 4-5 mm. It was also found that removing fresh granules built up more ash solids in granules than removing aged granules did and removing aged granules significantly led to lysed granules with void shells. Results suggest that removing fresh granules is an effective approach of selective force for aerobic granulation, and the mature phase plays an important role on the stability of granules by rearranging granule structure (e.g. the buildup of ash solids).",
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AB - To evaluate the effect of sludge removal methods on the stability of aerobic granules, three different removal methods of sludge were investigated in sequencing batch reactors (SBR). Results demonstrated that (i) in R1, removing fresh granules effectively maintained granules with sizes of 1-2 mm and SVI of 31-45 ml g-1 for more than 432 cycles (one cycle length was 3 h); (ii) in R3, removing aged granules led to disintegration of granules; (iii) in R2, removing completely mixed sludge resulted in granules with good settleability. However, the morphology of granules in R2 was similar to that of granules in R3 with sizes of about 4-5 mm. It was also found that removing fresh granules built up more ash solids in granules than removing aged granules did and removing aged granules significantly led to lysed granules with void shells. Results suggest that removing fresh granules is an effective approach of selective force for aerobic granulation, and the mature phase plays an important role on the stability of granules by rearranging granule structure (e.g. the buildup of ash solids).

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