Selective induction of thymic stromal lymphopoietin expression by novel nitrogen-containing steroid compounds in PAM-212 cells

Yu Wang, Ryosuke Segawa, Yan Weng, Katsuya Nakai, Keiichiro Ohashi, Masahiro Hiratsuka, Mieko Arisawa, Noriyasu Hirasawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) has been shown to be able to amplify Tregs. Thus, TSLP induction has the potential to induce endogenous Tregs and control autoimmunity. In the previous research, we found that a new compound named 02F04 can induce TSLP production while simultaneously activating the liver X receptor (LXR). Because LXR activation leads to a decrease in Treg, we attempted to find a 02F04-derivative, druggable lead compound with a basic skeleton that induces TSLP production without activating LXR. As the results, we found HA-7 and HA-19 and, in this study, examined the molecular mechanisms in TSLP production. Methods: A murine keratinocyte cell line PAM 212 was stimulated with HA-7 and HA-19, and then the expressions of cytokines were examined via ELISA and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results: HA-7 and HA-19 induced TSLP production but almost not the expression of TNF-α, IL-13, IL-25, and IL-33 in PAM212 cells. These compounds inhibited LXR activities. The TSLP expression induced by HA-7 and HA-19 was inhibited by the Gq/11 inhibitor YM-254890, ROCK inhibitor Y-27632, and ERK inhibitor U0126. HA-7 and HA-19 also induced the formation of stress fiber and ERK phosphorylation, which were inhibited by YM-254890 and Y-27632. Conclusions: Our findings indicated that HA-7 and HA-19 selectively induced TSLP production in PAM212 via Gq/11, Rho/ROCK and ERK pathways. Our findings also indicated that TSLP expression was differentially regulated from other cytokines, and the selective expression could be induced with low-molecular-weight compounds such as HA-7 and HA-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100186
JournalJournal of Translational Autoimmunity
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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