Selective up-regulation of P2X4-receptor gene expression by interferon-γ in vascular endothelial cells

Yan Tang, Isao Matsuoka, Tomoyuki Ono, Kazuhide Inoue, Junko Kimura

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracellular nucleotides are involved in the development of vascular inflammation. However, little is known about whether effects of nucleotides are modulated under inflammatory states. We investigated effects of interferon-γ (INF-γ) on ATP-induced responses in vascular endothelial cells. Treatment of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with IFN-γ for 24 h resulted in an enhancement of the ATP-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) without affecting the UTP-induced one. The increased Ca2+ response to ATP in IFN-γ-treated cells was dependent on the extracellular Ca 2+, and was not inhibited by the phospholipase C inhibitor U73122. RT-PCR and Western blotting revealed that HUVECs dominantly expressed P2X 2 receptor. IFN-γ increased P2X4-receptor mRNA and protein, accompanied by an increase in ATP-triggered membrane current. IFN-γ did not affect P2X4-receptor mRNA stability, but increased P2X4-receptor gene transcription in a cycloheximide- insensitive manner. IFN-γ stimulated phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT1). Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), an inhibitor of STAT1-mediated signaling, and AG490, a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, impaired P2X4-receptor mRNA up-regulation by IFN-γ. These results indicate that INF-γ selectively increases P2X 4-receptor gene expression, leading to an up-regulation of purinergic signaling in vascular endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-427
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
Volume107
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 29 2008

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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