Self-assembly and imprinting of macrocyclic molecules in layer-by-layered TiO2 ultrathin films

Kazuma Araki, Do Hyeon Yang, Tao Wang, Roman Selyanchyn, Seung Woo Lee, Toyoki Kunitake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Alternate TiO2 gel ultrathin films assembled with a macrocyclic carboxylic acids of tetrakis-4-carboxyphenyl porphine (TCPP) or tetra-4-carboxylphthalocyanine cobalt (II) (Co-TCPc) were prepared by the surface sol-gel process. To confirm the film growth and imprinting effect, quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and UV-vis spectroscopy measurements were employed. The binding of TCPP was 1.2-14.3 times more selective compared to structurally related macrocyclic guest molecules. Among other findings, tetrakis-4-carboxymethyloxyphenyl porphine (TCMOPP) that has a spacer (OCH2) between the phenyl rings and carboxylic acid moieties of TCPP showed a significantly lower binding efficiency equal to 0.07, regardless of its similar molecular structure to the template molecule. Structural difference of porphyrin and phthalocyanine analogs could be also selectively discriminated: the TCPP imprinted film showed ca. 13 times higher selectivity for recognition of TCPP itself from the mixture of TCPP and Co-TCPc. Characterization by AFM demonstrated that the TiO2/TCPP film has highly uniform surface and ultrathin thickness, while both TEM and SEM studies confirmed the immobilized structures of TCPP inside the film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - May 24 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy


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