The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among self-efficacy, causal attributions and learning strategy in an academic achievement situation. The Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, self-efficacy and intrinsic value scales developed by Pintrich and De Groot (1990) were translated into Japanese and administered to 251 junior high school students. On the basis of the results of the factor analysis, five learning strategies subscales were constructed : general cognitive, review-summarizing, rehearsal, giving attention and connecting. These subscales were positively correlated, and there were gender differences in three subscales, self-efficacy and intrinsic value. All these subscales were strongly related to self-efficacy and intrinsic value. The relationships among self-efficacy, causal attributions and learning strategy were analyzed, and the findings suggested that learning strategies had a greater influence on self-efficacy than effort attribution for their failure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental and Educational Psychology