Self-ignited flame behavior of high-pressure hydrogen release by rupture disk through a long tube

Makoto Asahara, Tei Saburi, Toshiki Ando, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Takeshi Miyasaka, Shiro Kubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Accelerated adoption of hydrogen gas for energy storage requires improved safety for hydrogen storage. In particular, control of self-ignition of hydrogen vented through tubes by pressure relief devices (overpressure protection devices), such as rupture disks, is needed. We clarify the process of self-ignition in tubes of various lengths during venting of high-pressure hydrogen and observe flame behavior at the tube exit. The importance of distance from the rupture disk for flame front evolution is revealed. Specifically, in a tube longer than a critical value, the self-ignited flame undergoes a quenching process, possibly due to steam formation, before it exits the tube. A tube that is too short does not give the gas sufficient time for hydrogen and air mixing to initiate self-ignition. Finally, at slightly longer tube lengths, the hydrogen ignites, but the flame does not fully develop before it exits, and the vortex formed by expanding gas extinguishes it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13484-13500
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Apr 6 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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