Accelerated adoption of hydrogen gas for energy storage requires improved safety for hydrogen storage. In particular, control of self-ignition of hydrogen vented through tubes by pressure relief devices (overpressure protection devices), such as rupture disks, is needed. We clarify the process of self-ignition in tubes of various lengths during venting of high-pressure hydrogen and observe flame behavior at the tube exit. The importance of distance from the rupture disk for flame front evolution is revealed. Specifically, in a tube longer than a critical value, the self-ignited flame undergoes a quenching process, possibly due to steam formation, before it exits the tube. A tube that is too short does not give the gas sufficient time for hydrogen and air mixing to initiate self-ignition. Finally, at slightly longer tube lengths, the hydrogen ignites, but the flame does not fully develop before it exits, and the vortex formed by expanding gas extinguishes it.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology