Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of La(Sr)Ga(Mg,Fe)O 3-δ with planetary ball-mill treatment for solid oxide fuel cell electrolytes

Akira Nobuta, Feng Fan Hsieh, Tae Ho Shin, Sou Hosokai, Satoshi Yamamoto, Noriyuki Okinaka, Tatsumi Ishihara, Tomohiro Akiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the combined effects of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), planetary ball-mill (PBM) treatment, and sintering temperature on La0.7Sr0.3Ga0.7Mg 0.1Fe0.2O3-δ (LSGMF73712) as an electrolyte material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). The SHS products (SHSLSGMF73712) were compared with that prepared via solid-state reaction (SSR) in terms of sinterability and power generation performance. The SHS products were treated with PBM for 10, 30, 50, and 70 h. The SHS products contained the by-product LaSrGaO4; however, in the SHS products treated with PBM for longer than 50 h, the by-product disappeared after sintering at 1350 °C for 3 h in air. Among the samples, SHS products treated with PBM for 70 h displayed superior sintering (1350 °C), whereas the SSR product (SSR-LSGMF73712) was successfully sintered at 1450 °C for 3 h in air. Under the cell configuration of Ni-Fe/SHS-LSGMF73712-PBM70 h (0.3 mm thick)/Sm 0.5Sr0.5CoO3, the maximum power density was 0.673 W/cm2 at 800 °C using humidified hydrogen gas (3 mol% H2O) as a fuel and air as an oxidizing agent at a flow rate of 100 mL/min, which was almost equivalent to that using SSR-LSGMF73712 (0.629 W/cm2 at 800 °C) under the same conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8387-8391
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume509
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 18 2011

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Ball mills
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Electrolytes
Solid state reactions
Sintering
Temperature
Byproducts
Air
Reaction products
Oxidants
Power generation
Hydrogen
Gases
Flow rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of La(Sr)Ga(Mg,Fe)O 3-δ with planetary ball-mill treatment for solid oxide fuel cell electrolytes. / Nobuta, Akira; Hsieh, Feng Fan; Shin, Tae Ho; Hosokai, Sou; Yamamoto, Satoshi; Okinaka, Noriyuki; Ishihara, Tatsumi; Akiyama, Tomohiro.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 509, No. 33, 18.08.2011, p. 8387-8391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nobuta, Akira ; Hsieh, Feng Fan ; Shin, Tae Ho ; Hosokai, Sou ; Yamamoto, Satoshi ; Okinaka, Noriyuki ; Ishihara, Tatsumi ; Akiyama, Tomohiro. / Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of La(Sr)Ga(Mg,Fe)O 3-δ with planetary ball-mill treatment for solid oxide fuel cell electrolytes. In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2011 ; Vol. 509, No. 33. pp. 8387-8391.
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AU - Hsieh, Feng Fan

AU - Shin, Tae Ho

AU - Hosokai, Sou

AU - Yamamoto, Satoshi

AU - Okinaka, Noriyuki

AU - Ishihara, Tatsumi

AU - Akiyama, Tomohiro

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AB - This study investigated the combined effects of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), planetary ball-mill (PBM) treatment, and sintering temperature on La0.7Sr0.3Ga0.7Mg 0.1Fe0.2O3-δ (LSGMF73712) as an electrolyte material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). The SHS products (SHSLSGMF73712) were compared with that prepared via solid-state reaction (SSR) in terms of sinterability and power generation performance. The SHS products were treated with PBM for 10, 30, 50, and 70 h. The SHS products contained the by-product LaSrGaO4; however, in the SHS products treated with PBM for longer than 50 h, the by-product disappeared after sintering at 1350 °C for 3 h in air. Among the samples, SHS products treated with PBM for 70 h displayed superior sintering (1350 °C), whereas the SSR product (SSR-LSGMF73712) was successfully sintered at 1450 °C for 3 h in air. Under the cell configuration of Ni-Fe/SHS-LSGMF73712-PBM70 h (0.3 mm thick)/Sm 0.5Sr0.5CoO3, the maximum power density was 0.673 W/cm2 at 800 °C using humidified hydrogen gas (3 mol% H2O) as a fuel and air as an oxidizing agent at a flow rate of 100 mL/min, which was almost equivalent to that using SSR-LSGMF73712 (0.629 W/cm2 at 800 °C) under the same conditions.

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