Sensitive determination of melatonin by precolumn derivatization and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography

Fumio Iinuma, Kenji Hamase, Sayaka Matsubayashi, Masaki Takahashi, Mitsuo Watanabe, Kiyoshi Zaitsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)


A sensitive determination method for melatonin was developed. Melatonin was derivatized under alkaline conditions in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The resultant fluorophore was excited at 247 nm and the emission wavelength was 384 nm. The Stokes shift was 137 nm, which was longer than that of melatonin itself (λ(ex) 280 nm, λ(em) 330 nm). The melatonin derivative was separated by reversed-phase HPLC in about 15 min and the calibration curve was linear from 500 amol to 5 pmol (r>0.999) with the detection limit of 500 amol (S/N=5). The sensitivity of this method was about ten times higher than that of previous methods. Both the day-to-day precision and within-day precision were about 5%, and the derivative of melatonin in the aqueous solution was stable for more than 10 days. This method was successfully applied to the determination of melatonin in rat pineal gland. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 12 1999


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this