The authors developed a simple, reliable and sensitive method for the determination of pentazocine in human solid tissues using high-performance liquid chromatography, combined with a three-step liquid-liquid extraction procedure. Levallorphan tartrate served as the internal standard. The extract was evaporated to dryness and dissolved in the mobile phase of acetonitrile/10 mM phosphate buffer (pH 4.0). The eluent was pumped at a flow rate of 0.4 ml/min through a Spherisorb(R) Ph (2.1 mm I.D. x 150 mm) column. A fluorescence detector with excitation at 247 nm and emission at 320 nm was used. The lower limit of detection was about 0.5 ng/g. The calibration curve was linear over the concentration ranges from 1 to 500 ng/g in each tissue examined and could be determined up to at least 10.0 μg/g by means of reduction of injected volumes. Using this method, the concentrations of pentazocine could be determined in the tissues of an autopsied individual for toxicological evaluation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Issues, ethics and legal aspects