Sensitive quantitative analysis of the bitter glycoside amarogentin by specific monoclonal antibody-based indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

Seiichi Sakamoto, Shinji Wada, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto

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Abstract

Amarogentin (AG) is a naturally occurring secoiridoid glycoside produced mainly in the plant genera Swertia and Gentiana. Extracts of these plants have a long history of use in Japan as bitter stomachics because of their strong bitterness. Because the AG content directly reflects the potential activity of the extract, the quality control of these plant extracts through the quantitative analysis of AG is important. In the present study, we aimed to develop a quantitative analysis of AG using a monoclonal antibody (MAb) against AG (MAb 1E9) in the plant family Gentianaceae. Surprisingly, production of MAb 1E9 was successfully achieved by immunizing AG-bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugates into mice although the number of AG bound to BSA was only one. The characterization of MAb 1E9 revealed that it shows high specificity to AG, enabling the development of an icELISA for the specific determination of AG. In addition, the detectable concentration of AG in the developed icELISA ranged from 1.95 to 62.5 ng mL-1 with a limit of detection of 1.28 ng mL-1, which is approximately 30-625 times higher in sensitivity compared with the conventional HPLC method. Validation analysis revealed that the icELISA using MAb 1E9 is precise (intra-assay variation <3.9%, inter-assay variation <8.8%) and accurate (recovery rates of spiked samples were between 91.0% and 106.4%). This method can be used for the quality control of plant extracts using AG as an index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17410-17416
Number of pages7
JournalRSC Advances
Volume8
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Glycosides
Immunosorbents
Monoclonal antibodies
Assays
Enzymes
Monoclonal Antibodies
Plant extracts
Chemical analysis
Quality control
Plant Extracts
Bovine Serum Albumin
amarogentin
Iridoid Glycosides
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Sensitive quantitative analysis of the bitter glycoside amarogentin by specific monoclonal antibody-based indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay",
abstract = "Amarogentin (AG) is a naturally occurring secoiridoid glycoside produced mainly in the plant genera Swertia and Gentiana. Extracts of these plants have a long history of use in Japan as bitter stomachics because of their strong bitterness. Because the AG content directly reflects the potential activity of the extract, the quality control of these plant extracts through the quantitative analysis of AG is important. In the present study, we aimed to develop a quantitative analysis of AG using a monoclonal antibody (MAb) against AG (MAb 1E9) in the plant family Gentianaceae. Surprisingly, production of MAb 1E9 was successfully achieved by immunizing AG-bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugates into mice although the number of AG bound to BSA was only one. The characterization of MAb 1E9 revealed that it shows high specificity to AG, enabling the development of an icELISA for the specific determination of AG. In addition, the detectable concentration of AG in the developed icELISA ranged from 1.95 to 62.5 ng mL-1 with a limit of detection of 1.28 ng mL-1, which is approximately 30-625 times higher in sensitivity compared with the conventional HPLC method. Validation analysis revealed that the icELISA using MAb 1E9 is precise (intra-assay variation <3.9{\%}, inter-assay variation <8.8{\%}) and accurate (recovery rates of spiked samples were between 91.0{\%} and 106.4{\%}). This method can be used for the quality control of plant extracts using AG as an index.",
author = "Seiichi Sakamoto and Shinji Wada and Hiroyuki Tanaka and Satoshi Morimoto",
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AU - Sakamoto, Seiichi

AU - Wada, Shinji

AU - Tanaka, Hiroyuki

AU - Morimoto, Satoshi

PY - 2018/1/1

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N2 - Amarogentin (AG) is a naturally occurring secoiridoid glycoside produced mainly in the plant genera Swertia and Gentiana. Extracts of these plants have a long history of use in Japan as bitter stomachics because of their strong bitterness. Because the AG content directly reflects the potential activity of the extract, the quality control of these plant extracts through the quantitative analysis of AG is important. In the present study, we aimed to develop a quantitative analysis of AG using a monoclonal antibody (MAb) against AG (MAb 1E9) in the plant family Gentianaceae. Surprisingly, production of MAb 1E9 was successfully achieved by immunizing AG-bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugates into mice although the number of AG bound to BSA was only one. The characterization of MAb 1E9 revealed that it shows high specificity to AG, enabling the development of an icELISA for the specific determination of AG. In addition, the detectable concentration of AG in the developed icELISA ranged from 1.95 to 62.5 ng mL-1 with a limit of detection of 1.28 ng mL-1, which is approximately 30-625 times higher in sensitivity compared with the conventional HPLC method. Validation analysis revealed that the icELISA using MAb 1E9 is precise (intra-assay variation <3.9%, inter-assay variation <8.8%) and accurate (recovery rates of spiked samples were between 91.0% and 106.4%). This method can be used for the quality control of plant extracts using AG as an index.

AB - Amarogentin (AG) is a naturally occurring secoiridoid glycoside produced mainly in the plant genera Swertia and Gentiana. Extracts of these plants have a long history of use in Japan as bitter stomachics because of their strong bitterness. Because the AG content directly reflects the potential activity of the extract, the quality control of these plant extracts through the quantitative analysis of AG is important. In the present study, we aimed to develop a quantitative analysis of AG using a monoclonal antibody (MAb) against AG (MAb 1E9) in the plant family Gentianaceae. Surprisingly, production of MAb 1E9 was successfully achieved by immunizing AG-bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugates into mice although the number of AG bound to BSA was only one. The characterization of MAb 1E9 revealed that it shows high specificity to AG, enabling the development of an icELISA for the specific determination of AG. In addition, the detectable concentration of AG in the developed icELISA ranged from 1.95 to 62.5 ng mL-1 with a limit of detection of 1.28 ng mL-1, which is approximately 30-625 times higher in sensitivity compared with the conventional HPLC method. Validation analysis revealed that the icELISA using MAb 1E9 is precise (intra-assay variation <3.9%, inter-assay variation <8.8%) and accurate (recovery rates of spiked samples were between 91.0% and 106.4%). This method can be used for the quality control of plant extracts using AG as an index.

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