Free radicals are believed to be key factors that promote ischemia reperfusion injury in the brain. This study used the characteristic spectrum of methoxycarbonyl-PROXYL to detect free radical reactions in hydrophilic and lipophilic compartments in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mouse model. Methoxycarbonyl-PROXYL, which has a high water/octanol partition coefficient, allows the detection of nitroxyl radical in both compartments simultaneously. Free radicals generation was analysed from the enhanced ESR signal decay rate of methoxycarbonyl-PROXYL. The signal decay rate in the lipidic compartment was significantly enhanced 1 h after reperfusion following MCAO. The enhanced signal decay rate was significantly suppressed by Trolox. The accumulation of lipid peroxidation products increased by 6 h post-reperfusion and was suppressed by methoxycarbonyl-PROXYL or Trolox. These results demonstrate that information pertaining to different sites of free radical generation in vivo can be obtained simultaneously and that lipid-derived radicals are generated in transient MCAO mice.
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