Separation and Recovery of Scandium from Sulfate Media by Solvent Extraction and Polymer Inclusion Membranes with Amic Acid Extractants

Wataru Yoshida, Fukiko Kubota, Yuzo Baba, Spas D. Kolev, Masahiro Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report on the separation and recovery of scandium(III) from sulfate solutions using solvent extraction and a membrane transport system utilizing newly synthesized amic acid extractants. Scandium(III) was quantitatively extracted with 50 mmol dm-3 N-[N,N-di(2-ethylhexyl)aminocarbonylmethyl]glycine (D2EHAG) or N-[N,N-di(2-ethylhexyl)aminocarbonylmethyl]phenylalanine (D2EHAF) in n-dodecane at pH 2 and easily stripped using a 0.5 mol dm-3 sulfuric acid solution. The extraction mechanisms of scandium(III) extraction with D2EHAG and D2EHAF were examined, and it was established that scandium(III) formed a 1:3 complex with both extractants (HR), that is, Sc(SO4)2 - aq + 1.5(HR)2org ⇄ Sc(SO4)R(HR)2org + H+ aq + SO4 2- aq. The equilibrium constants of extraction were evaluated to be 4.87 and 9.99 (mol dm-3)0.5 for D2EHAG and D2EHAF, respectively. D2EHAG and D2EHAF preferentially extracted scandium(III) with a high selectivity compared to common transition metal ions under high acidic conditions (0 < pH ≤ 3). In addition, scandium(III) was quantitatively transported from a feed solution into a 0.5 mol dm-3 sulfuric acid receiving solution through a polymer inclusion membrane (PIM) containing D2EHAF as a carrier. Scandium(III) was completely separated thermodynamically from nickel(II), aluminum(III), cobalt(II), manganese(II), chromium(III), calcium(II), and magnesium(II), and partially separated from iron(III) kinetically using a PIM containing D2EHAF as a carrier. The initial flux value for scandium(III) (J0,Sc = 1.9 × 10-7 mol m-2 s-1) was two times higher than that of iron(III) (J0,Fe = 9.3 × 10-8 mol m-2 s-1).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21122-21130
Number of pages9
JournalACS Omega
Volume4
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2019

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this