Sequential analysis of carbonaceous materials in Hayabusa-returned samples for the determination of their origin Science of solar system materials examined from Hayabusa and future missions

Masayuki Uesugi, Hiroshi Naraoka, Motoo Ito, Hikaru Yabuta, Fumio Kitajima, Yoshinori Takano, Hajime Mita, Ichiro Ohnishi, Yoko Kebukawa, Toru Yada, Yuzuru Karouji, Yukihiro Ishibashi, Takaaki Okada, Masanao Abe

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Preliminary results of the analyses of five carbonaceous materials (particle size of approximately 50 μm) from the Hayabusa spacecraft sample catcher, including their texture, chemistry, and chemical/isotopic compositions, are summarized. The carbonaceous particles underwent sequential analysis using a series of microanalytical instruments located at several research institutes and universities. Collected particles were initially classified into four categories: two categories containing extraterrestrial silicate particles, one category containing metal and quartz particles consistent with contamination from the sample catcher or sample manipulation tools, and a final category containing carbonaceous particles. Analysis of this final category was the main focus of this study. Through examination of the carbonaceous materials, the appropriate analytical processes for sample transportation and handling were optimized to minimize sample damage and terrestrial contamination. Particles were investigated by transmission electron microscopy/scanning transmission electron microscopy, and Ca-carbonate inclusions were found in one particle. In a different particle, a heterogeneous distribution of silicon in a uniform C, N, and O matrix was found. Though further analysis is required for a strict determination of particle origin, the differences in the microstructure and elemental distribution of the carbonaceous particles suggest multiple origins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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