Background and aims: Outcome data of sequential hepatitis B virus treatment with tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) are limited. We aimed to assess the effectiveness and renal safety of TAF in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who were previously treated with entecavir (ETV), tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), or a nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) combination. Methods: This multicenter, retrospective, cohort study included 458 consecutive CHB patients who switched to TAF monotherapy after at least 2 years of treatment with another NA. The longitudinal virological/laboratory responses were evaluated up to 96 weeks after switchover. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results: The proportions of complete viral suppression (CVS) (HBV DNA < 20 IU/mL) at week 96 were 99.0%, 98.5%, and 98.4% in the prior ETV (n = 198), TDF (n = 137), and NA combination (n = 123) groups, respectively. Almost all patients with HBV DNA of 20–2000 IU/mL at baseline achieved CVS at week 96. On multivariable generalized estimated equation analysis, a low quantitative hepatitis surface antigen (qHBsAg) level at baseline was associated with a lower follow-up qHBsAg level (coefficient 0.81, p < 0.001). The eGFR showed greater improvement in patients with CKD compared to those without (coefficient 21.7, p < 0.001). However, the increase of eGFR reached a peak between weeks 24 and 48. Conclusions: Based on this longitudinal data analysis up to 96 weeks, sequential NA therapy with a switch to TAF is a good option to achieve high viral suppression and renal safety.
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