A novel method is reported for surfactant modification of montmorillonite (Mt), and then the performance of the surfactant-modified Mt was investigated for the removal of perchlorate (ClO4−). Mt was first modified with dimethyl dioctadecyl ammonium chloride (DDAC) under microwave irradiation, which was followed by a second modification with benzyl octadecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (BODAC). The influence of the added amount of DDAC in terms of ClO4− adsorption to the modified Mt was intensively investigated. In addition, sequential and simultaneous-mixing methods were compared for preparation of the modified Mt in terms of ClO4− removal performance. Using sequential modification, addition of DDAC corresponding to 0.05 times the cation exchange capacity of Mt significantly increased BODAC uptake, resulting in the highest adsorption capacity for ClO4− (1.08 mmol/g). This can be explained by the good balance between the decrease of steric hindrance and the formation of a hydrophobic interface because of adsorbed DDAC. In contrast, for a composite synthesized with the same ratio of DDAC to BODAC, the simultaneous-mixing method resulted in modified Mt with much poorer ClO4− removal performance than the sequential modification method because of the negligible contribution of DDAC to BODAC uptake by Mt. Moreover, a high binding affinity of ClO4− to the sequentially modified composite was obtained because of hydrophobicity of interlaced alkyl chains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials