Sequential pretreatment of double refractory gold ore (DRGO)with a thermophilic iron oxidizing archeaon and fungal crude enzymes

Kojo T. Konadu, Robert J. Huddy, Susan T.L. Harrison, Kwadwo Osseo-Asare, Keiko Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Double refractory gold ore was sequentially pretreated to oxidize sulfides by thermophilic archaeon Acidianus brierleyi and then to decompose carbonaceous matters using the cell-free spent medium (CFSM)from white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The pretreatment by A. brierleyi significantly improved the gold recovery from 25% to 77%. Additionally, the crude lignin-degrading enzymes in the CFSM converted the carbonaceous matters into more easily degradable substances, which were removed by alkaline washing, leading to a final gold recovery of 92%. These mineralogical alterations were confirmed by differential thermogravimetric analysis and quantitative evaluation of minerals with scanning electron microscopy. Based on the results, gold grains were mostly liberated after bio-oxidation of sulfides, and in following CFSM treatment, large particles of carbonaceous aluminosilicate were formed from the aggregation of clay minerals, gold grains and with partially decomposed carbonaceous matters acting as binders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-94
Number of pages9
JournalMinerals Engineering
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2019

Fingerprint

Gold
Refractory materials
Ores
Iron
Enzymes
gold
enzyme
iron
Sulfides
sulfide
Recovery
Lignin
Aluminosilicates
aluminosilicate
Clay minerals
Fungi
Washing
lignin
Binders
Minerals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Sequential pretreatment of double refractory gold ore (DRGO)with a thermophilic iron oxidizing archeaon and fungal crude enzymes. / Konadu, Kojo T.; Huddy, Robert J.; Harrison, Susan T.L.; Osseo-Asare, Kwadwo; Sasaki, Keiko.

In: Minerals Engineering, Vol. 138, 01.07.2019, p. 86-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Konadu, Kojo T. ; Huddy, Robert J. ; Harrison, Susan T.L. ; Osseo-Asare, Kwadwo ; Sasaki, Keiko. / Sequential pretreatment of double refractory gold ore (DRGO)with a thermophilic iron oxidizing archeaon and fungal crude enzymes. In: Minerals Engineering. 2019 ; Vol. 138. pp. 86-94.
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