Tuberculous glycolipid antigens (TBGLs) are derived from the cell walls of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Detection of anti-TBGL antibody in serum has recently become possible for the serodiagnosis of active tuberculosis. TBGL is not indigenous to M. tuberculosis, but it is widely found in Mycobacterium species. To elucidate the influence of M. bovis bacille Calinette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination, we assayed serum anti-TBGL antibody after BCG vaccination in adults. BCG vaccination was done for 20 Japanese healthcare workers with a negative tuberculin skin test reaction, and serum was collected 0, 2, 4, and 8 weeks and 1 year after vaccination. The tuberculin skin test became positive in 85% of the subjects. The mean anti-TBGL antibody titer remained negative throughout the observation period, but was elevated significantly compared with the pre-vaccination level, peaking at week 4 and showing a reduced level 1 year post-vaccination. These results showed that serological diagnosis using anti-TBGL antibody was not influenced by prior BCG vaccination.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases