Objective: Higher vitamin B status has been linked to a lower risk for cancer, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of pyridoxal, folate, and homocysteine (Hcy) with urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a marker of oxidative DNA damage. Methods: The participants were 500 employees (293 men and 207 women), ages 21 to 66 y, of two municipal offices in Japan. Serum pyridoxal and Hcy concentrations were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method, and serum folate concentrations were measured using chemiluminescent immunoassay. Urinary 8-OHdG concentrations were measured using HPLC method. Multiple regression was used to estimate means of 8-OHdG for each tertile of pyridoxal, folate, and Hcy with adjustment for potential confounders. Results: In multivariate analysis, 8-OHdG concentration was inversely associated with pyridoxal concentration in men (P for trend = 0.045) but not in women. The association in men was confined to non-smokers (P for trend = 0.033) or those who consumed no or < 20 g/d of ethanol (P for trend = 0.048). 8-OHdG concentrations were not appreciably associated with folate and Hcy concentrations. Conclusion: The results suggest that vitamin B6, but not folate and homocysteine, plays a role against oxidative DNA damage in Japanese men.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics