Severe periodontitis is inversely associated with coffee consumption in the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment

Tatsuya Machida, Takaaki Tomofuji, Daisuke Ekuni, Tetsuji Azuma, Noriko Takeuchi, Takayuki Maruyama, Shinsuke Mizutani, Kota Kataoka, Yuya Kawabata, Manabu Morita

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Abstract

This cross-sectional study addressed the relationship between coffee consumption and periodontitis in patients during the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment. A total of 414 periodontitis patients in the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment completed a questionnaire including items related to coffee intake and underwent periodontal examination. Logistic regression analysis showed that presence of moderate/severe periodontitis was correlated with presence of hypertension (Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.99, p < 0.05), smoking (former, OR = 5.63, p < 0.01; current, OR = 6.81, p = 0.076), number of teeth present (OR = 0.89, p < 0.001), plaque control record ≥20% (OR = 1.88, p < 0.05), and duration of maintenance phase (OR = 1.07, p < 0.01). On the other hand, presence of severe periodontitis was correlated with smoking (former, OR = 1.35, p = 0.501; current, OR = 3.98, p < 0.05), coffee consumption (≥1 cup/day, OR = 0.55, p < 0.05), number of teeth present (OR = 0.95, p < 0.05), and bleeding on probing ≥ 20% (OR = 3.67, p < 0.001). There appears to be an inverse association between coffee consumption (≥1 cup/day) and prevalence of severe periodontitis in the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4476-4490
Number of pages15
JournalNutrients
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 21 2014
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Machida, T., Tomofuji, T., Ekuni, D., Azuma, T., Takeuchi, N., Maruyama, T., ... Morita, M. (2014). Severe periodontitis is inversely associated with coffee consumption in the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment. Nutrients, 6(10), 4476-4490. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6104476