Background: Post-operative catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) causes increased emergence agitation. Muscarinic receptor activation is a major mechanism in CRBD development. Experimental studies showed that sevoflurane has anti-muscarinic effects whereas propofol does not. Our hypothesis was that sevoflurane anaesthesia would reduce the incidence of CRBD following bladder surgery. Methods: In total, 82 patients undergoing transurethral bladder tumour excision (TURBT) were assigned randomly to two groups according to the maintenance anaesthetic agent received: sevoflurane (n = 41) or propofol (n = 41). The incidence of CRBD was evaluated at 0, 1, 6 and 24 h post-operatively. The number of patients treated with a rescue medication (tramadol) for CRBD was noted. Results: The incidence of CRBD at post-operative 1 h was lower in the sevoflurane group than that in the propofol group (59% vs. 85%; P = 0.007). The differences in CRBD were 27% and 22% at 0 and 6 h post-operatively (P = 0.008 and 0.047, respectively). CRBD occurred in 27 (66%) patients in the sevoflurane group vs. 38 (93%) in the propofol group from 0 to 24 h post-operatively (P = 0.005). The number of patients treated with tramadol was lower in the sevoflurane group (13 [22%] vs. 22 [54%]; P = 0.044). Conclusion: Sevoflurane, as a maintenance in general anaesthesia, decreased the incidence of early post-operative CRBD and tramadol requirements in patients undergoing TURBT, compared with propofol.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine