The ovarian structure, sexual maturation, annual reproductive cycle, and spawning periodicity of the shore scorpionfish, Scorpaenodes littoralis, in Uchiura Bay, central Japan, were examined using specimens collected between May 1995 and March 1998 and fishes reared in laboratory. The ovarian stroma and blood vessels run longitudinally through the center of each ovarian lobe. The ovarian peduncles radiate from the central stroma. During the spawning season, gelatinous material is secreted from the epithelia of both the ovarian peduncle and ovarian wall, and the epithelia show morphological changes accompanying the ovarian maturation cycle. The minimum standard length at maturity was 55.2 mm for males and 40.2 mm for females. Males with mature testes were collected from March to November. Females in the mature or post spawning stages were collected between May and October, when the mean gonadosomatic indices were also high. This indicates that the spawning season of this species occurs between May and October. Four successive types of oocytes were grouped in the mature ovary, comprised of mature, late and early vitellogenic and previtellogenic oocytes respectively, suggesting that this species is a multiple spawner. Four captive females spawned repeatedly at intervals of 2-8 days over a prolonged period (4-8 months); a 2-day spawning interval was the most common for all females. This suggests that female S. littoralis have a 48-h spawning cycle in captivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science