Recently, various techniques of shape reconstruction using cast shadows have been proposed. These techniques have the advantage that they can be applied to various scenes, including outdoor scenes, without using special devices. Previously proposed techniques usually require calibration of camera parameters and light source positions, and such calibration processes limit the range of application of these techniques. In this paper, we propose a method to reconstruct 3D scenes even when the camera parameters or light source positions are unknown. The technique first recovers the shape with 4-DOF indeterminacy using coplanarities obtained by cast shadows of straight edges or visible planes in a scene, and then upgrades the shape using metric constraints obtained from the geometrical constraints in the scene. In order to circumvent the need for calibrations and special devices, we propose both linear and nonlinear methods in this paper. Experiments using simulated and real images verified the effectiveness of this technique.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Artificial Intelligence