Shear wave imaging from traffic noise using seismic interferometry by cross-coherence

Norimitsu Nakata, Roel Snieder, Takeshi Tsuji, Ken Larner, Toshifumi Matsuoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We apply the cross-coherence method to the seismic interferometry of traffic noise, which originates from roads and railways, to retrieve both body waves and surface-waves. Our preferred algorithm in the presence of highly variable and strong additive random noise uses cross-coherence, which uses normalization by the spectral amplitude of each of the traces, rather than crosscorrelation or deconvolution. This normalization suppresses the influence of additive noise and overcomes problems resulting from amplitude variations among input traces. By using only the phase information and ignoring amplitude information, the method effectively removes the source signature from the extracted response and yields a stable structural reconstruction even in the presence of strong noise. This algorithm is particularly effective where the relative amplitude among the original traces is highly variable from trace to trace. We use the extracted, reflected shear waves from the traffic noise data to construct a stacked and migrated image, and we use the extracted surface-waves (Love waves) to estimate the shear velocity as a function of depth. This profile agrees well with the interval velocity obtained from the normal moveout of the reflected shear waves constructed by seismic interferometry. These results are useful in a wide range of situations applicable to both geophysics and civil engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)SA97-SA106
JournalGEOPHYSICS
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

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Shear waves
interferometry
Interferometry
Surface waves
traffic
S waves
S-wave
Imaging techniques
Geophysics
Additive noise
Deconvolution
Civil engineering
surface wave
surface waves
Love waves
Love wave
geophysics
body wave
civil engineering
deconvolution

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Shear wave imaging from traffic noise using seismic interferometry by cross-coherence. / Nakata, Norimitsu; Snieder, Roel; Tsuji, Takeshi; Larner, Ken; Matsuoka, Toshifumi.

In: GEOPHYSICS, Vol. 76, No. 6, 11.2011, p. SA97-SA106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakata, Norimitsu ; Snieder, Roel ; Tsuji, Takeshi ; Larner, Ken ; Matsuoka, Toshifumi. / Shear wave imaging from traffic noise using seismic interferometry by cross-coherence. In: GEOPHYSICS. 2011 ; Vol. 76, No. 6. pp. SA97-SA106.
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