Three-dimensional bumps have been developed and investigated on transonic wings, aiming to fulfill two major objectives of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction control, that is, drag reduction and buffet delay. An experimental investigation has been conducted for a rounded bump in channel flow at the University of Cambridge and a computational study has been performed for a spanwise series of rounded bumps mounted on a transonic aerofoil at the University of Stuttgart. In both cases wave drag reduction and mild control effects on the boundary layer have been observed. Control effectiveness has been assessed for various bump configurations. A double configuration of narrow rounded bumps has been found to perform best, considerably reducing wave drag by means of a well-established λ-shock structure with little viscous penalty and thus achieving a maximum overall drag reduction of about 30 %, especially when significant wave drag is present Counter-rotating stream wise vortex pairs have been produced by some configurations as a result of local flow separation. On the whole a large potential of three-dimensional control with discrete rounded bumps has been demonstrated both experimentally and numerically.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering