Short-term variation of the surface flow pattern south of Lombok Strait observed from the Himawari-8 sea surface temperature

Naokazu Taniguchi, Shinichiro Kida, Yuji Sakuno, Hidemi Mutsuda, Fadli Syamsudin

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Abstract

Spatial and temporal information on oceanic flow is fundamental to oceanography and crucial for marine-related social activities. This study attempts to describe the short-term surface flow variation in the area south of the Lombok Strait in the northern summer using the hourly Himawari-8 sea surface temperature (SST). Although the uncertainty of this temperature is relatively high (about 0.6 °C), it could be used to discuss the flow variation with high spatial resolution because sufficient SST differences are found between the areas north and south of the strait. The maximum cross-correlation (MCC) method is used to estimate the surface velocity. The Himawari-8 SST clearly shows Flores Sea water intruding into the Indian Ocean with the high-SST water forming a warm thermal plume on a tidal cycle. This thermal plume flows southward at a speed of about 2 m/s. The Himawari-8 SST indicates a southward flow from the Lombok Strait to the Indian Ocean, which blocks the South Java Current flowing eastward along the southern coast of Nusa Tenggara. Although the satellite data is limited to the surface, we found it useful for understanding the spatial and temporal variations in the surface flow field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1491
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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