Significant modulation of electrical spin accumulation by efficient thermal spin injection

Shaojie Hu, Takashi Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have investigated the dc bias current dependence of the nonlocal spin valve signal in CoFeAl/Cu lateral spin valves. The spin signal is found to increase monotonically with the bias current. Surprisingly, the modulation amplitude from -1 mA to 1 mA exceeds 30 percent of the spin signal at low bias current. From the analysis based on the one-dimensional spin diffusion model and considering the bias-current heating effect, we find that the contribution of the thermal spin injection is much larger than the influence of the reduction of the spin diffusion length due to the Joule heating. We also show that the second harmonic lock-in signal precisely extracts the contribution of the thermal spin injection from the mixed spin signal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134412
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume90
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2014

Fingerprint

Bias currents
Modulation
injection
modulation
Joule heating
Amplitude modulation
Heating
Hot Temperature
diffusion length
harmonics
heating

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Significant modulation of electrical spin accumulation by efficient thermal spin injection",
abstract = "We have investigated the dc bias current dependence of the nonlocal spin valve signal in CoFeAl/Cu lateral spin valves. The spin signal is found to increase monotonically with the bias current. Surprisingly, the modulation amplitude from -1 mA to 1 mA exceeds 30 percent of the spin signal at low bias current. From the analysis based on the one-dimensional spin diffusion model and considering the bias-current heating effect, we find that the contribution of the thermal spin injection is much larger than the influence of the reduction of the spin diffusion length due to the Joule heating. We also show that the second harmonic lock-in signal precisely extracts the contribution of the thermal spin injection from the mixed spin signal.",
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N2 - We have investigated the dc bias current dependence of the nonlocal spin valve signal in CoFeAl/Cu lateral spin valves. The spin signal is found to increase monotonically with the bias current. Surprisingly, the modulation amplitude from -1 mA to 1 mA exceeds 30 percent of the spin signal at low bias current. From the analysis based on the one-dimensional spin diffusion model and considering the bias-current heating effect, we find that the contribution of the thermal spin injection is much larger than the influence of the reduction of the spin diffusion length due to the Joule heating. We also show that the second harmonic lock-in signal precisely extracts the contribution of the thermal spin injection from the mixed spin signal.

AB - We have investigated the dc bias current dependence of the nonlocal spin valve signal in CoFeAl/Cu lateral spin valves. The spin signal is found to increase monotonically with the bias current. Surprisingly, the modulation amplitude from -1 mA to 1 mA exceeds 30 percent of the spin signal at low bias current. From the analysis based on the one-dimensional spin diffusion model and considering the bias-current heating effect, we find that the contribution of the thermal spin injection is much larger than the influence of the reduction of the spin diffusion length due to the Joule heating. We also show that the second harmonic lock-in signal precisely extracts the contribution of the thermal spin injection from the mixed spin signal.

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