We demonstrate a radiation hydrodynamic simulation of optical vortex pulse-ablated microcone structures on silicon (Si) substrates. Doughnut-shaped craters were formed by single pulse irradiation on the Si substrate, and a twisted cone structure with a height of 3.5 µm was created at the center of the irradiation spot by the circularly polarized optical vortex pulse. A two-dimensional (2-D) radiation hydrodynamic simulation reproduced the cone structure well with a height of 3 µm. The central part of the incident laser power was lowered from the initial profile due to plasma shielding over the laser pulse duration for an inverted double-well laser profile. The acute tip shape of the silicon surface can survive over the laser irradiation period.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes