A quantitative ELISA system was developed using a monoclonal antibody (MAb) specific for an antitumour immunoactive glycoprotein (CVS) derived from C. vulgaris strain CK22. The full measuring range of the assay extends from 0.63 to 10.0 ng/mL of CVS. Although no cross-reaction was observed to proteins tested or other biological response modifiers (BRMs) derived from different sources, cross-reactions were found with culture supernatants from two other strains of C. vulgaris having a strong antitumour immunoactivity. Treatment of CVS with protease, acid or alkali weakened or completely eliminated the reactivity against the MAb and also its antitumour immunoactivities. This ELISA system is suitable for the biologically active form of CVS derived from C. vulgaris strain CK22 and related immunoactive strains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes