In the severe accident analysis of liquid metal reactors (LMRs), understanding the freezing behavior of molten metal onto the core structure during the core disruptive accidents (CDAs) is of importance for the design of next-generation reactor. CDA can occur only under hypothetical conditions where a serious power-to-cooling mismatch is postulated. Material distribution and relocation of molten metal are the key study areas during CDA. In order to model the freezing behavior of molten metal of the postulated disrupted core in a CDA of an LMR and provide data for the verification of the safety analysis code, SIMMER-III, a series of fundamental experiments was performed to simulate the freezing behavior of molten metal during penetrating onto a metal structure. The numerical simulation was performed by SIMMER-III with a mixed freezing model, which represents both bulk freezing and crust formation. The comparison between SIMMER-III simulation and its corresponding experiment indicates that SIMMER-III can reproduce the freezing behavior observed on different structure materials and under various cooling conditions. SIMMER-III also shows encouraging agreement with experimental results of melt penetration on structures and particle formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Mechanical Engineering