Simultaneous evaluation of paternal and maternal immigrant gene flow and the implications for the overall genetic composition of pinus densiflora dispersed seeds

Masakazu G. Iwaizumi, Makoto Takahashi, Atsushi Watanabe, Masatoshi Ubukata

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16 Citations (Scopus)


When considering the genetic implications of immigrant gene flow, it is important to evaluate both the proportions of immigrant gametes and their genetic composition. We simultaneously investigated paternal and maternal gene flow in dispersed seeds in a natural population of Pinus densiflora located along a ridge. The paternity and maternity of a total of 454 dispersed seeds (in 2004 and 2005) were accurately and separately assigned to 454 candidate adult trees, by analyzing the nuclear DNA of both diploid biparentally derived embryos and haploid maternally derived megagametophytes of the seeds. The relative genetic diversities and differences between within-population and immigrant groups of both paternally and maternally derived gametes (4 groups) that formed the genotypes of the seeds were evaluated. Using 8 microsatellite markers, we found that 64.0-72.6% of paternally derived gametes, and 17.8-20.2% of maternally derived gametes, were from other populations. Principal coordinate analysis showed that the 4 gamete groups tended to be plotted at different locations on the scattergram, indicating that they each have different genetic compositions. Substantial paternal and maternal immigrant gene flow occurred in this population, and therefore, the overall genetic variation of dispersed seeds is enhanced by both paternally and maternally derived immigrant gametes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-153
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Heredity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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