Single-crystalline platinum nanosheets have been prepared via a new methodology based on the chemical reduction of a platinum salt (H 2PtCl6) with hydrazine at a graphite/solution interface, using polyoxyethylene (20)sorbitan monostearate (Tween 60) based self-assembly (hemicylindrical micelle) templates. The platinum nanosheets with a uniform thickness of as thin as 3.5 ± 1 nm are surface-smooth and continuous over relatively large length scales of micrometer sizes. In striking contrast to the Tween 60 based system, no Pt nanosheets are obtained with nonaethylene glycol monododecyl ether (C12EO9) and polyoxyethylene (23) dodecyl ether (C12EO23). No Pt nanosheets are also obtainable with a laterally homogeneous layer of Tween 60 formed at the silica/solution interface. These results indicate that surfactant Tween 60 molecules with a triple polyoxyethylene structure, as well as their hemicylindrical micelle templates, play an essential role for the formation of the Pt nanosheets. It is also suggested that the interfacially directed growth of Pt metals within the aqueous shells of the Tween 60 hemicylindrical micelles induces the thin Pt crystals as thick as the aqueous shells. The present approach could be extended to prepare a wide range of novel nanostructures of noble metals, using various micelle-like self-assemblies at interfaces.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces