Skin tumours induced by narrowband UVB have higher frequency of p53 mutations than tumours induced by broadband UVB independent of Ogg1 genotype

Flandiana Yogianti, Makoto Kunisada, Ryusuke Ono, Sakumi Kunihiko, Yusaku Nakabeppu, Chikako Nishigori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Different wavelengths of ultraviolet (UV) light have different promoting effects on skin carcinogenesis. Narrowband UVB (NB-UVB) has a single-peak wavelength of 311nm and is widely used for treating skin diseases. Our previous work showed that, in comparison with conventional broadband UVB (BB-UVB), long-term exposure to NB-UVB induces higher frequency of skin cancer in mice, and it suggested that this is mediated through the formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs). To explore whether the frequency of p53 mutations in skin tumours correlates with CPD-induced mutations, we compared the frequency and types of p53 mutations between NB-UVB-induced and BB-UVB-induced malignant skin tumours produced in wild-type and Ogg1 knockout mice, which are deficient in repair of oxidative 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a DNA damage mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). The frequency of p53 mutation was significantly higher in NB-UVB-induced than in BB-UVB-induced tumours in both wild-type and Ogg1 knockout mice. Most of the p53 mutations found were G:C → A:T transitions at dipyrimidine sites in both the NB-UVB- and BB-UVB-exposed groups. However, G:C → T:A mutations caused by 8-oxoG did not increase in Ogg1 knockout mice exposed to either NB-UVB or BB-UVB. Our results strongly suggest that NB-UVB induces highly malignant tumours caused by p53 dipyrimidine mutations through the formation of CPDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-643
Number of pages7
JournalMutagenesis
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012

Fingerprint

Mutation Rate
Pyrimidine Dimers
Tumors
Skin
Genotype
Knockout Mice
Mutation
Neoplasms
Skin Neoplasms
Ultraviolet Rays
Wavelength
Skin Diseases
DNA Damage
Reactive Oxygen Species
Carcinogenesis
Repair
DNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Toxicology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Skin tumours induced by narrowband UVB have higher frequency of p53 mutations than tumours induced by broadband UVB independent of Ogg1 genotype. / Yogianti, Flandiana; Kunisada, Makoto; Ono, Ryusuke; Kunihiko, Sakumi; Nakabeppu, Yusaku; Nishigori, Chikako.

In: Mutagenesis, Vol. 27, No. 6, 01.11.2012, p. 637-643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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