Sleep disturbances and quality of life in patients after living donor liver transplantation

M. Akahoshi, T. Ichikawa, N. Taura, H. Miyaaki, T. Yamaguchi, E. Yoshimura, I. Takahara, A. Soyama, M. Takatsuki, Hideaki Kondo, S. Eguchi, K. Nakao

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Background. Following improvements in patient and graft survival after liver transplantation (LT), the recipients' quality of life has become an important focus of patient care. Sleep is closely related to physical and mental health; however, sleep disturbances in LT patients have not yet been evaluated. Methods. We assessed 59 LT patients (aged ≥18 years) between September 2011 and September 2012. The patients completed the restless legs syndrome (RLS), 36-item shortform health survey (SF-36), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaires. In addition, laboratory data were obtained and neuropsychological tests (NPT) were performed during study entry. Results. Thirty-eight patients (64%) were included in the poor sleep group (PSQI ≥6 or ESS≥10). The SF-36 scores were lower in the poor sleep group than in the good sleep group. Eleven patients (18%) had RLS. An NPT score ≥3 indicated minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE3). The MHE3 group consisted of 22 patients (43%). The time after LT was shorter; serum albumin, branched chain amino acid/tyrosine molar ratio (BTR), and role limitations due to poor physical health were lower; and serum ammonia levels were higher in the MHE3 group than in the MHE0-2 group. When the poor sleep group was divided into subgroups (control, MHE, RLS, and unknown), MHE patients had high model for end-stage liver disease scores, high ammonia levels, and low BTR, whereas RLS patients showed a short time after LT. Conclusion. Sixty-four percent of recipients were classified as poor sleepers. SF-36 scores were lower for poor sleepers than good sleepers. RLS and MHE are major diseases that cause sleep disturbances in patients after LT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3515-3522
Number of pages8
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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