Sol-gel fabrication of dielectric HfO2 nano-films; formation of uniform, void-free layers and their superior electrical properties

Yoshitaka Aoki, Toyoki Kunitake, Aiko Nakao

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78 Citations (Scopus)


Solution-based fabrication of a high-quality metal oxide nano-film (∼10-nm thickness) by the surface sol-gel process and postannealing is reported. Hafnium(IV) n-butoxide in toluene-ethanol was chemisorbed onto hydroxylated Si wafer to give a uniform gel layer, of which alkoxide group was then hydrolyzed and subjected to a second cycle of chemisorption/hydrolysis. Annealing of a 10-cycle film at 500 °C produced uniform, void-free HfO 2 layer of 5.7-nm thickness. Its electrical properties, dielectric constant, leakage current, and dielectric breakdown were comparable to the HfO2 film as prepared by the conventional vapor deposition method. On the other hand, a similar HfO2 nano-film prepared by spin-coating provided a less homogeneous layer in a high-resolution TEM image. The electrical properties of the latter film were much inferior to those of the surface sol-gel film. We concluded that the solution-based method is suitable for fabrication of dielectric nanofilms of metal oxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-458
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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