Sol-gel polycondensation in a cyclohexane-based organogel system in helical silica: Creation of both right- and left-handed silica structures by helical organogel fibers

Jong Hwa Jung, Yoshiyuki Ono, Seiji Shinkai

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191 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chiral amide-and urea-type organic gelators (1-6), based on cyclohexanediamine, have been prepared, and the superstructures of the organogels were evaluated by circular dichroism (CD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The CD spectrum of the amide-based organogel system 1+2 exhibited a negative sign for the first Cotton effect, indicating that the dipole moments in the gelator aggregate orient into an anticlockwise direction. In contrast, the system 3+4 has a positive sign for the first Cotton effect, indicating that they orient into a clockwise direction. In the mixture of urea-and amide-based organogels, CD spectra of 5+2 and 6+4 revealed negative and positive signs, respectively. The helical structure of the amide-based organogels 1+2 and 3+4 clearly showed left-and right-handed structures, respectively, by SEM. To transcribe the chiral, helical structures of the organogels into silica gel, the solgel polycondensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) was carried out in acetonitrile or ethanol. Very surprisingly, the left-and right-handed structures of the silica can be created by transcription of left-and right-handed structures of the organogels 1+2 (R enantiomer) and 3+4 (S enantiomer), respectively. In addition, in the mixture systems of urea-and amide-based organogels, the right-and left-handed structures of the organogels 5+2 (R enantiomer) and 6+4 (S enantiomer) were precisely transcribed into the silica structure. The findings suggest that the sol-gel polycondensation proceeds along the surface of the helical structure of the organogels. We therefore believe that the sol-gel polycondensation by means of molecular assembly templates abundantly built in the organogel phase is a new strategy to create superstructured silica materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4552-4557
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume6
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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