Sol-gel preparation and characterization of Ni-YSZ cermet electrode

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Optimizing both the internal gelation (IGP) and EDTA (ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic acid) complexes-gel reduction process (CGRP) was carried out for manufacturing Ni-YSZ (yttria-stabilized zirconia) cermet as the membrane electrode. For the IGP, we found the adequate additive amounts of gelling agent and stabilizer such as HMTA (hexamethylenetetramine) and urea for the starting solution, so that precursor gels containing Ni content of 45-61.3 mol% were successfully synthesized. However, the sample prepared via IGP did not show the electronic conductivity but ionic one, although NiO in the samples was completely reduced to Ni. This might be caused by a decrease of Ni content during sintering at high temperature. On the other hand, for EDTA CGRP, precursor gels were successfully synthesized by controlling pH value in the preparation of soluble complexes. In addition, the sample synthesized via EDTA CGRP showed the electronic conductivity for Ni content of 60 mol%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-554
Number of pages9
JournalProgress in Nuclear Energy
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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