Nanoparticles of Zn substituted lithium ferrite (Li 0.32Zn 0.36Fe 2.32O 4) have been prepared by a solgel method where the ultra-sonication technique has been adopted to reduce the agglomeration effect among the nanoparticles. The samples were heat-treated at three different temperatures and the formation of the nanocrystalline phase was confirmed by X-ray diffractograms (XRD). The average particle size of each sample has been estimated from the (311) peak of the XRD pattern using the DebyeScherrer formula and the average sizes are in the range of 1021 nm. The average particle size, crystallographic phase, etc. of some selected samples obtained from the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy are in agreement with those estimated from the XRD patterns. Static magnetic measurements viz., hysteresis loops, field cooled and zero field cooled magnetization versus temperature curves of some samples carried out by SQUID in the temperature range of 300 to 5 K clearly indicate the presence of superparamagnetic (SPM) relaxation of the nanoparticles in the samples. The maximum magnetization of the SPM sample annealed at 500 °C is quite high (68 Am 2/Kg) and the hysteresis loops are almost square shaped with very low value of coercive field at room temperature (827.8 A/m). The particle size, magneto-crystalline anisotropy, etc. have been estimated from the detailed theoretical analysis of the static magnetic data. The dynamic magnetic behavior of the samples was also investigated by observing the ac hysteresis loops and magnetization versus field curves with different time windows at room temperatures. The different soft magnetic quantities viz., coercive field, magnetization, remanance, hysteresis losses, etc. were extracted from dynamic measurements. Dynamic measurements confirmed that the samples are in their mixed state of SPM and ordered ferrimagnetic particles, which is in good agreement with the results of static magnetic measurements. Mössbauer spectra of the samples recorded at room temperature (300 K) and at different temperatures down to 20 K confirmed the presence of the SPM relaxation of the nanoparticles of the samples.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics