Solvent-deficient synthesis of nanocrystalline Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3- δ powder

Saša Zeljković, Jin Miyawaki, Dragoljub Vranković, Elena Tervoort, Roland Hauert, Toru Kotegawa, Toni Ivas

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Abstract

Nanocrystalline Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3-δ powders were prepared by a cost-effective solvent-deficient method using metal nitrates and ammonium bicarbonate as precursors. X-ray diffraction (XRD), specific surface determination (BET), thermal analyses (TG-DTA-DSC), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to examine the effects of the calcination temperature on the Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3- δ (BSCF) formation. XRD analysis showed that a cubic Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3-δ was obtained after heating for 1 h at 1000 °C. BSCF nanocrystals with a diameter of about 25 nm were obtained. On the other hand, the sample mass was stabilized at 915 °C as recorded by thermogravimetric analysis (TG), indicating a formation of the complex BSCF oxide already at this temperature. The phase transformations during the synthesis of BSCF oxide are defined and confirmed with the note on the instability of the cubic phase. Using the four-point DC measurements between −73 °C and 127 °C, the band gap of 0.84 eV was determined. The solvent-deficient method used in this study to synthesize Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3-δ showed distinct advantages in comparison with other synthesis techniques considering simplicity, rapid synthesis, and quality of the produced nanocrystals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-349
Number of pages8
JournalProcessing and Application of Ceramics
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

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