In fish and amphibians, B-type lamins are divided into somatic (B1, B2) and oocyte-type (B3) lamins. In this study, we purified nuclear lamins from rainbow trout erythrocytes, raised an anti-lamin monoclonal antibody (L-200) that recognizes goldfish somatic-lamins, and isolated cDNAs encoding goldfish B-type lamins (B1 and B2) from a goldfish cell culture cDNA library. Goldfish B-type lamins are structurally similar to lamins found in other vertebrates with minor amino acid substitutions in the conserved region. Western blot analysis showed that goldfish oocytes contained mainly GV-lamin B3 as well as some somatic lamins. Laser-confocal microscope observations revealed that lamin B3 was present only in GV nuclear lamina, whereas somatic lamins were present in dense fibrillar structures throughout nuclear gels of isolated GVs. Similar nuclear filamentous structures were also observed in GVs of paraffin embedded oocytes. Epitope mapping indicated that L-200 recognized a conserved region containing a short stretch of the α-helix coiled-coil rod domain (Y(E/Q)(Q/E)LL). A similar motif is also present in other cytoplasmic intermediate filaments (i.e., vimentin, desmin, peripherin and GFAP). Taken together, these findings suggest that lamins or lamin-related intermediate filaments are an important component of the interior architecture of goldfish vitellogenic oocyte nuclei (GVs).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology