Sorption characteristics of fluoride on to magnesium oxide-rich phases calcined at different temperatures

Keiko Sasaki, Naoyuki Fukumoto, Sayo Moriyama, Tsuyoshi Hirajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of calcination temperature during production of magnesium oxide-rich phases from MgCO3 on the sorption of F- ions in the aqueous phase has been investigated. Magnesium oxide-rich phases were formed by calcination at over 873K for 1h. Higher calcination temperatures produced more crystalline MgO with smaller specific surface area and provided larger values of the total basicity per unit surface area. The higher calcination temperatures lead to slower F- removal rate, and lower equilibrium F- concentrations, when the equilibrium F- concentrations are less than 1mmoldm-3. Larger total basicity per unit surface area made the reactivity with F- ions in aqueous phase more feasible, resulting in a greater degree of F- sorption. For equilibrium F- concentrations more than 1mmoldm-3, lower calcination temperatures favored the co-precipitation of F- with Mg(OH)2, probably leading to the formation of Mg(OH)2-xFx, and the achievement of larger sorption density. This is the first paper which describes the relationship between the solid base characteristics obtained by CO2-TPD for MgO with different calcination temperatures as a function of the reactivity of F- sorption in the aqueous phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-248
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume191
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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