Source identification of Malaysian atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons nearby forest fires using molecular and isotopic compositions

Tomoaki Okuda, Hidetoshi Kumata, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria, Hiroshi Naraoka, Ryoshi Ishiwatari, Hideshige Takada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report measurements of molecular and carbon isotopic compositions of Malaysian atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in smoke haze from the 1997 Indonesian forest fire. Comparison of the carbon isotopic compositions (δ13C) of individual PAHs from the smoke haze, with those from other PAHs sources (soot collected from gasoline and diesel vehicle muffler, woodburning smoke), enables us to discriminate among the diverse sources of atmospheric PAHs. Soot PAHs extracted from gasoline and diesel vehicles show heavy isotopic signatures with a large inter-species δ13C variation from -12.9‰ to -26.6‰, compared to soot PAHs extracted from woodburning smoke which are isotopically light, and have a small inter-species δ13C variation from -26.8‰ to -31.6‰. Values from -17.7‰ to -27.9‰ were obtained for the corresponding PAHs extracted from the smoke haze, indicating that they are derived mainly from automotive exhaust. Molecular and isotopic compositions of PAHs extracted from smoke haze were similar to those extracted from non-haze aerosol. Quantitative estimation shows that woodburning contribution to Malaysian atmospheric PAHs ranges from 25% to 35% with no relation to haze intensity, while automotive contribution ranges from 65% to 75%. These results suggest that the major contributor of PAHs in Malaysian air is automotive exhaust whether smoke haze is observed or not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 5 2002

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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
forest fire
PAH
Fires
isotopic composition
Smoke
smoke
haze
Chemical analysis
soot
Soot
Gasoline
diesel
Carbon
carbon
Aerosols
aerosol
air

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Source identification of Malaysian atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons nearby forest fires using molecular and isotopic compositions. / Okuda, Tomoaki; Kumata, Hidetoshi; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi; Naraoka, Hiroshi; Ishiwatari, Ryoshi; Takada, Hideshige.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 36, No. 4, 05.02.2002, p. 611-618.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okuda, Tomoaki ; Kumata, Hidetoshi ; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi ; Naraoka, Hiroshi ; Ishiwatari, Ryoshi ; Takada, Hideshige. / Source identification of Malaysian atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons nearby forest fires using molecular and isotopic compositions. In: Atmospheric Environment. 2002 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 611-618.
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