We previously reported that soy β-conglycinin (βCG) improves obesity-induced metabolic abnormalities, but not obesity, in obese model Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of βCG-derived peptide consumption on obesity and lipid abnormality in OLETF rats. To this end, wild-type Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka and OLETF rats were provided a normal diet containing 20% casein for four weeks as a control. In addition, we prepared βCG peptide by enzymatic hydrolysis, and OLETF rats were fed a diet in which half of the casein was replaced by βCG peptide (βCG peptide group). Consequently, rats in the βCG peptide group showed decreased abdominal white adipose tissue weight and lipid content (serum and liver triglycerides, and serum and liver cholesterol) compared to control OLETF rats. Further analysis demonstrated that βCG peptide consumption decreased lipogenic enzyme activity and increased lipolytic enzyme activity in the liver of OLETF rats. In addition, suppressive effects on both synthesis and absorption of cholesterol were observed in βCG peptide-fed OLETF rats. These findings suggest that peptidization of βCG enhanced the anti-obese and hypolipidemic effects of βCG.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)