Spatial discrimination of salt-affected soil surfaces using landsat TM data - A preliminary study in the middle reaches of the Heihe river, China

Yueru Wu, Weizhen Wang, Makito Morp, Daisuke Yasutake, Hiroyuki Cho, Tetsuo Kobayashi, Masaharu Kitano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A preliminary study has been conducted to test the effectiveness of the canonical discriminant approach to making spatial discrimination of salt-affected soil surfaces, using the Landsat TM data taken in the middle reaches of the Heihe River, China. A saline area can be considered a mixture of salt-affected patches which differ in degree, and hence we tried to make discrimination of salt-affected soil surfaces by canonical discriminant approach. Three 360×360 m test plots with different land surface conditions, "Bare-soil surface area (strongly saline), "Reed area (moderately saline), "Barley field (weakly saline)", were selected as training areas or groups. Five indices, B4 (band 4 DN), Wetness, SI, NDSI, and Fe2O3, (composite indices), were determined as discriminating variables, and two canonical discriminant functions, y 1, and y2, were obtained for the three groups using these five cUscriminating variables. When group centroids and individual cases were plotted on the plane made by two canonical discriminant functions, y 1, and y2, the groups of cases were quite distinct and their centroids were well separated, which suggest that the canonical discriminant approach is promising for spatial discrimination of salt-affected soil surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-465
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Volume57
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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