Spatial learning deficit in aged heterozygous Cav2.1 channel mutant mice, rolling mouse Nagoya

Eiki Takahashi, Kimie Niimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rolling Nagoya mice carrying Cav2.1α1 gene mutation show ataxia, whereas heterozygous mice show no apparently abnormal behavior. It has been reported that Cav2.1 regulates neurotransmitter release and that Ca2+ influx through Cav2.1 decreases with aging. Age-related decline in cognitive function could be at least partly attributable to decreases in Cav2.1-related neurotransmission. In this study to examine age-related cognitive alterations in heterozygous mice, we used Y-maze and delayed spatial win-shift eight-arm radial-maze tests, and 2- and 22-month-old mice. Although there was no difference between 2-month-old heterozygous and wild-type mice, 22-month-old heterozygous mice showed decreased memory formation versus 2-month-old heterozygous mice in both tests. Expression analysis in forebrain showed that total Cav2.1α1 mRNA, including wild-type and mutant-type Cav2.1α1 mRNA, in 2-month-old heterozygous mice was expressed at a level similar to that in 22-month-old heterozygous mice. However, wild-type Cav2.1α1 mRNA was expressed at a lower level in 22-month-old mice than in 2-month-old mice, and mutant-type Cav2.1α1 mRNA was expressed at a higher level in 22-month-old versus 2-month-old mice. Our results suggest that aged heterozygous mice show deficits in spatial learning due to Cav2.1 channel dysfunction and that heterozygous mice may be a useful model for examining mechanisms underlying age-related cognitive dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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