Spatial variations in the molecular diversity of dissolved organic matter in water moving through a boreal forest in eastern Finland

Jun'Ichiro Ide, Mizue Ohashi, Katsutoshi Takahashi, Yuko Sugiyama, Sirpa Piirainen, Pirkko Kortelainen, Nobuhide Fujitake, Keitaro Yamase, Nobuhito Ohte, Mina Moritani, Miyako Hara, Leena Finér

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) strongly affects water quality within boreal forest ecosystems. However, how the quality of DOM itself changes spatially is not well understood. In this study, to examine how the diversity of DOM molecules varies in water moving through a boreal forest, the number of DOM molecules in different water samples, i.e., rainwater, throughfall, soil water, groundwater, and stream water was determined using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) in Norway spruce and Scots pine stands in eastern Finland during May and June 2010. The number of molecular compounds identified by FT-ICR MS (molecular diversity) ranged from 865 to 2,194, revealing large DOM molecular diversity in the water samples. Additionally, some of the molecular compounds were shared between different water samples. The DOM molecular diversity linearly correlated with the number of low-biodegradable molecules, such as, lignin-like molecules (lignins), but not with dissolved organic carbon concentration. The number of lignins shared between different sampling locations was larger than that of any other biomolecular class. Our results suggest that low-biodegradable molecules, especially lignins, regulate spatial variations in DOM molecular diversity in boreal forests.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42102
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 10 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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