Speciation of Paleoarchean Life Demonstrated by Analysis of the Morphological Variation of Lenticular Microfossils from the Pilbara Craton, Australia

Kenichiro Sugitani, Takashi Kohama, Koichi Mimura, Makoto Takeuchi, Ryoko Senda, Hiroshi Morimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ca 3.4 Ga Strelley Pool Formation (SPF) of the Pilbara Craton, Australia, represents a Paleoarchean sedimentary succession preserving well-described and morphologically diverse biosignatures such as stromatolites and cellularly preserved microfossils. The SPF microfossil assemblage identified from three greenstone belts includes relatively large (20-80 μm in width), acid-resistant, organic-walled lenticular microfossils, which can be extracted using a palynological technique. In this study, we present results of measurements of over 800 palynomorphic specimens of SPF lenticular microfossils from 2 remote (∼80 km apart) localities that represent different depositional environments and thus different habitats, as evidenced by their distinct lithostratigraphic association and trace element geochemistry. We demonstrate statistically that the two populations are distinct in oblateness from a polar view and furthermore that each population comprises subpopulations defined by different areas and oblateness. This study may provide the earliest morphological evidence for speciation of unicellular organisms, which could have been allopatric (geographic) and adaptive. It can also be suggested that SPF lenticular microbes had highly organized cytoskeleton indispensable for strict control of the cell morphology of large and robust microbes, which in turn were likely advantageous to their prosperity and diversification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-1070
Number of pages14
JournalAstrobiology
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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microfossils
cratons
microfossil
craton
Trace Elements
microorganisms
Cytoskeleton
Population
Ecosystem
Acids
habitats
geochemistry
greenstone belt
cytoskeleton
subpopulation
organisms
organic acid
trace elements
depositional environment
preserving

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Speciation of Paleoarchean Life Demonstrated by Analysis of the Morphological Variation of Lenticular Microfossils from the Pilbara Craton, Australia. / Sugitani, Kenichiro; Kohama, Takashi; Mimura, Koichi; Takeuchi, Makoto; Senda, Ryoko; Morimoto, Hiroshi.

In: Astrobiology, Vol. 18, No. 8, 01.08.2018, p. 1057-1070.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sugitani, Kenichiro ; Kohama, Takashi ; Mimura, Koichi ; Takeuchi, Makoto ; Senda, Ryoko ; Morimoto, Hiroshi. / Speciation of Paleoarchean Life Demonstrated by Analysis of the Morphological Variation of Lenticular Microfossils from the Pilbara Craton, Australia. In: Astrobiology. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 8. pp. 1057-1070.
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