In aerobically growing cells, the guanine base of RNA is oxidized to 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG), which induces alteration in their gene expression. We previously demonstrated that the human AUF1 protein binds to 8-oxoG in RNA to induce the selective degradation of oxidized messenger RNA. We herein report that the poly(C)-binding protein PCBP1 binds to more severely oxidized RNA to activate apoptosis-related reactions. While AUF1 binds to oligoribonucleotides carrying a single 8-oxoG, PCBP1 does not bind to such oligoribonucleotides but instead binds firmly to oligoribonucleotides in which two 8-oxoG residues are located nearby. PCBP1-deficient cells, constructed from the human HeLa S3 line using the CRISPR-Cas9 system, exhibited higher survival rates than HeLa S3 cells when small doses of hydrogen peroxide were applied. The levels of caspase-3 activation and PARP-1 cleavage in the PCBP1-deficient cells were significantly lower than those in wild-type cells. The structure–function relationship of PCBP1 was established with the use of PCBP1 mutant proteins in which the conserved KH domains were defective. Human cells appear to possess two distinct mechanisms, one controlled by AUF1 and the other by PCBP1, with the former functioning when messenger RNA is moderately oxidized and the latter operating when the RNA is more severely damaged.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 26 2018|
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