Specific deformation behavior of isotactic polypropylene films under a multiaxial stress field

Ken Kojio, Aya Fujimoto, Chigusa Nagano, Shuhei Nozaki, Kazutoshi Yokomachi, Kazutaka Kamitani, Hirohmi Watanabe, Atsushi Takahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The specific deformation behavior of crystalline polymer films, namely unoriented crystallized isotactic polypropylene (it PP) films, was investigated under a multiaxial stress field. Changes in the aggregation structure of the films were investigated during the bulge deformation process using in situ small-angle X-ray scattering, wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) measurements, and polarized high-speed-camera observations. The films had a thickness of approximately 10 μm. The it PP films were fixed at the hole of a plate, then bulge deformation was applied using N2 or He gas pressure, and stress-strain curves were then calculated from the applied pressure and bulge height. Yielding was observed in the stress-strain curves. Below the yield point, in situ WAXD measurements revealed that the crystal lattice expanded isotropically at the center, edge, and bottom of the bulge hole. Above the yield point, a craze started to form slightly near the center, and crazes formed in various directions with a further increase in strain, while the crystal lattice expanded uniaxially along the circumference at the edge and bottom. Crazes oriented in various directions merged and lost birefringence, indicating a change to the isotropic orientation. The different directions of the crazes indicated several directions of stress. In other words, even if multiaxial deformation is applied to a crystalline it PP film, the string-shaped crystalline polymer chain structure produces local anisotropic uniaxial stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3369-3375
Number of pages7
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Apr 4 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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