Sphingosine-1-phosphate/S1PR2-mediated signaling triggers Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation and thereby induces Runx2 expression in osteoblasts

Katsumasa Higashi, Etsuko Matsuzaki, Yoko Hashimoto, Fumi Takahashi, Aiko Takano, Hisashi Anan, Masato Hirata, Fusanori Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a signaling sphingolipid that also plays crucial roles in bone regeneration. Recently, we reported that the S1P receptors S1PR1 and S1PR2 were mainly expressed in osteoblast-like cells, and that the S1P/S1PR1 signaling pathway up-regulated osteoprotegerin and osteoblast differentiation. However, the involvement of S1P/S1PR2 signaling in osteoblast differentiation is not well understood. Here we investigate the role of S1P/S1PR2-mediated signaling in osteoblast differentiation and clarify the underlying signaling mechanisms. We found that an S1P/S1PR2/Gi-independent signaling pathway activated RhoA activity, leading to phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 in mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells and primary osteoblasts. Furthermore, this signaling pathway promoted nuclear translocation of Smad4, and increased the amount of Smad6/7 protein in the nucleus. S1P also up-regulated runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) expression through S1PR2/RhoA/ROCK/Smad1/5/8 signaling. Moreover, we found that S1P partially triggered S1PR2/RhoA/ROCK pathway leading to bone formation in vivo. These findings suggest that S1P induces RhoA activity, leading to the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8, thereby promoting Runx2 expression and differentiation in osteoblasts. Our findings describe novel molecular mechanisms in S1P/S1PR2-mediated osteoblast differentiation that could aid future studies of bone regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalBone
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

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Osteoblasts
Phosphorylation
Bone Regeneration
Smad6 Protein
Lysosphingolipid Receptors
sphingosine 1-phosphate
Osteoprotegerin
Sphingolipids
Osteogenesis
Transcription Factors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Histology

Cite this

Sphingosine-1-phosphate/S1PR2-mediated signaling triggers Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation and thereby induces Runx2 expression in osteoblasts. / Higashi, Katsumasa; Matsuzaki, Etsuko; Hashimoto, Yoko; Takahashi, Fumi; Takano, Aiko; Anan, Hisashi; Hirata, Masato; Nishimura, Fusanori.

In: Bone, Vol. 93, 01.12.2016, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Higashi, Katsumasa ; Matsuzaki, Etsuko ; Hashimoto, Yoko ; Takahashi, Fumi ; Takano, Aiko ; Anan, Hisashi ; Hirata, Masato ; Nishimura, Fusanori. / Sphingosine-1-phosphate/S1PR2-mediated signaling triggers Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation and thereby induces Runx2 expression in osteoblasts. In: Bone. 2016 ; Vol. 93. pp. 1-11.
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abstract = "Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a signaling sphingolipid that also plays crucial roles in bone regeneration. Recently, we reported that the S1P receptors S1PR1 and S1PR2 were mainly expressed in osteoblast-like cells, and that the S1P/S1PR1 signaling pathway up-regulated osteoprotegerin and osteoblast differentiation. However, the involvement of S1P/S1PR2 signaling in osteoblast differentiation is not well understood. Here we investigate the role of S1P/S1PR2-mediated signaling in osteoblast differentiation and clarify the underlying signaling mechanisms. We found that an S1P/S1PR2/Gi-independent signaling pathway activated RhoA activity, leading to phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 in mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells and primary osteoblasts. Furthermore, this signaling pathway promoted nuclear translocation of Smad4, and increased the amount of Smad6/7 protein in the nucleus. S1P also up-regulated runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) expression through S1PR2/RhoA/ROCK/Smad1/5/8 signaling. Moreover, we found that S1P partially triggered S1PR2/RhoA/ROCK pathway leading to bone formation in vivo. These findings suggest that S1P induces RhoA activity, leading to the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8, thereby promoting Runx2 expression and differentiation in osteoblasts. Our findings describe novel molecular mechanisms in S1P/S1PR2-mediated osteoblast differentiation that could aid future studies of bone regeneration.",
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AU - Hashimoto, Yoko

AU - Takahashi, Fumi

AU - Takano, Aiko

AU - Anan, Hisashi

AU - Hirata, Masato

AU - Nishimura, Fusanori

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AB - Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a signaling sphingolipid that also plays crucial roles in bone regeneration. Recently, we reported that the S1P receptors S1PR1 and S1PR2 were mainly expressed in osteoblast-like cells, and that the S1P/S1PR1 signaling pathway up-regulated osteoprotegerin and osteoblast differentiation. However, the involvement of S1P/S1PR2 signaling in osteoblast differentiation is not well understood. Here we investigate the role of S1P/S1PR2-mediated signaling in osteoblast differentiation and clarify the underlying signaling mechanisms. We found that an S1P/S1PR2/Gi-independent signaling pathway activated RhoA activity, leading to phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 in mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells and primary osteoblasts. Furthermore, this signaling pathway promoted nuclear translocation of Smad4, and increased the amount of Smad6/7 protein in the nucleus. S1P also up-regulated runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) expression through S1PR2/RhoA/ROCK/Smad1/5/8 signaling. Moreover, we found that S1P partially triggered S1PR2/RhoA/ROCK pathway leading to bone formation in vivo. These findings suggest that S1P induces RhoA activity, leading to the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8, thereby promoting Runx2 expression and differentiation in osteoblasts. Our findings describe novel molecular mechanisms in S1P/S1PR2-mediated osteoblast differentiation that could aid future studies of bone regeneration.

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