Spirochaete-like swimming mode of Campylobacter jejuni in a viscous environment

Mika Shigematsu, Akiko Umeda, Shuji Fujimoto, Kazunobu Amako

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The swimming patterns of Campylobacter jejuni in environments of low and high viscosity were examined by a video tracking method. In media of low viscosity, C. jejuni swam with an average velocity of 39.3 μm/s with frequent changes in direction. The velocity of C. jejuni increased in a medium at a little higher viscosity than that of a low viscosity buffer. in addition to this, C. jejuni showed a second increase of velocity in media of a high viscosity of about 40 centipoise. The swimming patterns at these two velocity peaks were compared. In the second peak the wild-type C. jejuni exhibited repeated back and forth swimming patterns which were more like the swimming pattern of spirochaetes than that of monotrichous bacteria. Thus (C. jejuni may presumably use a different swimming mode in media of high viscosity than the original swimming mode mediated by the propelling force of the flagella. The spiral shape of this bacterium like that of spirochaetes may strongly influence its swimming ability in media of high viscosity such as the mucous layer of the intestinal tract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-526
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Microbiology
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Spirochaetales
Campylobacter jejuni
Viscosity
Bacteria
Flagella
Buffers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Spirochaete-like swimming mode of Campylobacter jejuni in a viscous environment. / Shigematsu, Mika; Umeda, Akiko; Fujimoto, Shuji; Amako, Kazunobu.

In: Journal of Medical Microbiology, Vol. 47, No. 6, 01.01.1998, p. 521-526.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shigematsu, Mika ; Umeda, Akiko ; Fujimoto, Shuji ; Amako, Kazunobu. / Spirochaete-like swimming mode of Campylobacter jejuni in a viscous environment. In: Journal of Medical Microbiology. 1998 ; Vol. 47, No. 6. pp. 521-526.
@article{d07039e9b47a4612904b190c398bc727,
title = "Spirochaete-like swimming mode of Campylobacter jejuni in a viscous environment",
abstract = "The swimming patterns of Campylobacter jejuni in environments of low and high viscosity were examined by a video tracking method. In media of low viscosity, C. jejuni swam with an average velocity of 39.3 μm/s with frequent changes in direction. The velocity of C. jejuni increased in a medium at a little higher viscosity than that of a low viscosity buffer. in addition to this, C. jejuni showed a second increase of velocity in media of a high viscosity of about 40 centipoise. The swimming patterns at these two velocity peaks were compared. In the second peak the wild-type C. jejuni exhibited repeated back and forth swimming patterns which were more like the swimming pattern of spirochaetes than that of monotrichous bacteria. Thus (C. jejuni may presumably use a different swimming mode in media of high viscosity than the original swimming mode mediated by the propelling force of the flagella. The spiral shape of this bacterium like that of spirochaetes may strongly influence its swimming ability in media of high viscosity such as the mucous layer of the intestinal tract.",
author = "Mika Shigematsu and Akiko Umeda and Shuji Fujimoto and Kazunobu Amako",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1099/00222615-47-6-521",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "521--526",
journal = "Journal of Medical Microbiology",
issn = "0022-2615",
publisher = "Society for General Microbiology",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spirochaete-like swimming mode of Campylobacter jejuni in a viscous environment

AU - Shigematsu, Mika

AU - Umeda, Akiko

AU - Fujimoto, Shuji

AU - Amako, Kazunobu

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - The swimming patterns of Campylobacter jejuni in environments of low and high viscosity were examined by a video tracking method. In media of low viscosity, C. jejuni swam with an average velocity of 39.3 μm/s with frequent changes in direction. The velocity of C. jejuni increased in a medium at a little higher viscosity than that of a low viscosity buffer. in addition to this, C. jejuni showed a second increase of velocity in media of a high viscosity of about 40 centipoise. The swimming patterns at these two velocity peaks were compared. In the second peak the wild-type C. jejuni exhibited repeated back and forth swimming patterns which were more like the swimming pattern of spirochaetes than that of monotrichous bacteria. Thus (C. jejuni may presumably use a different swimming mode in media of high viscosity than the original swimming mode mediated by the propelling force of the flagella. The spiral shape of this bacterium like that of spirochaetes may strongly influence its swimming ability in media of high viscosity such as the mucous layer of the intestinal tract.

AB - The swimming patterns of Campylobacter jejuni in environments of low and high viscosity were examined by a video tracking method. In media of low viscosity, C. jejuni swam with an average velocity of 39.3 μm/s with frequent changes in direction. The velocity of C. jejuni increased in a medium at a little higher viscosity than that of a low viscosity buffer. in addition to this, C. jejuni showed a second increase of velocity in media of a high viscosity of about 40 centipoise. The swimming patterns at these two velocity peaks were compared. In the second peak the wild-type C. jejuni exhibited repeated back and forth swimming patterns which were more like the swimming pattern of spirochaetes than that of monotrichous bacteria. Thus (C. jejuni may presumably use a different swimming mode in media of high viscosity than the original swimming mode mediated by the propelling force of the flagella. The spiral shape of this bacterium like that of spirochaetes may strongly influence its swimming ability in media of high viscosity such as the mucous layer of the intestinal tract.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031806669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031806669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1099/00222615-47-6-521

DO - 10.1099/00222615-47-6-521

M3 - Article

C2 - 9879971

AN - SCOPUS:0031806669

VL - 47

SP - 521

EP - 526

JO - Journal of Medical Microbiology

JF - Journal of Medical Microbiology

SN - 0022-2615

IS - 6

ER -